Ba Ria – Vung Tau Vietnam

 

Vũng Tàu is a city in southern Vietnam. Its population in 2005 was 240,000. The city area is 140 km² (54 square miles) including 13 urban wards and one village. It is the capital of Ba Ria-Vung Tau Province, and is the crude oil extraction center of Vietnam. It is also known as one of the most beautiful cities of tourism in Vietnam. Expedia is a great source to find some of the best accommodations within the city of Vũng Tàu. Locating near Ho Chi Minh city and Binh Duong province, Vungtau associates with these two places to create a triangle of power economy all over the country.

History

Ba Ria Vung Tau province is founded on August 12th 1991 by the socialist republic of Vietnam’s national assembly’s decision, belonging to the Southern East with the border length of 162km on mainland – the North border on 3 districts Long Thanh, Long Khanh, Xuan Loc of Dong Nai province, the West border on Can Gio District of Ho Chi Minh City, the East border on Ham Tan District of Binh Thuan Province, the South border on East sea. Its seashore length is 100km (with 72km of the sand-bank can use as seaside resort). Its continental shelf border on Truong Sa Islands where has 2 very important resources of petroleum and seafood. Its natural area is 1975.14km2 in 1975, population is 821.300 people in 2000, population density is 416 persons/km2. There are 8 administrative units including Vung Tau City, Ba Ria Town, and districts: Chau Duc, Xuyen Moc, Tan Thanh, Long Dien, Dat Do, Con Dao.

Vũng Tàu was originally referred to as Tam Thắng (“Three Boats”) in memory of the first three villages in this area: Thắng Nhất, Thắng Nhị, Thắng Tam. It was within the province of Biên Hòa under the Nguyễn Dynasty. Under the reign of king Gia Long (1761–1820), when Malay pirates built a base here and subsequently became a danger to traders in Gia Dinh city, the king sent 3 troupes of army to crack down on the pirates. The pirates were ousted and soldiers of these troupes were given the land as a reward.

10 February 1859 marked the first use of cannons by Nguyễn’s army, when they fired at French battleships from the fortress of Phước Thắng, located 100m from Vũng Tàu’s Front Beach. This marked an important period in Vietnam’s war against French invaders in South Vietnam (then called Cochin-china).

In 1876, according to a decree by the French colonialists, Vũng Tàu was merged in Ba Ria county, under Saigon’s administration (French: cir-conscription de Saigon).

On May the 1st 1895 the governor of Cochin-china established by decree that Cape Saint Jacques would thereafter be an autonomous town. In 1898, Cape Saint Jacques was merged with Ba Ria County once again but was divided again in 1899.

In 1901, the population of Vũng Tàu was 5,690, of which 2,000 persons were immigrants from North Vietnam. Most of the town’s population made their living in the fishing industry.

On April 4, 1905 Cape Saint Jacques was made an administrative district of Ba Ria province. In 1929, Cape Saint Jacques became a province, and in 1934 became a city (commune).

The French governor of Indochina, Paul Doumer (who later became President of France), built a mansion in Vũng Tàu that is still a prominent landmark in the city.

During the Vietnam War, Vũng Tàu was home to the Australian Army and American support units, and was a popular spot for in-country R&R for U.S. combat troops. After the war, Vũng Tàu was a common launching place for the Vietnamese Boat People fleeing the communists.

On May 30, 1979, Vũng Tàu town was made the capital of Vũng Tàu-Côn Đảo Special Administrative Zone.

On August 12, 1991, the province of Ba Ria-Vũng Tàu was officially founded and Vũng Tàu town officially became Vũng Tàu city.

Beaches

To most tourists, however, Vũng Tàu is more interesting for its extensive beaches. Tourists often prefer swimming at Back Beach (Bãi Sau) but sightseeing in Front Beach (Bãi Trước). Back Beach is well-known for its over 10 km of fine sand. As Vũng Tàu is only 130 km away from Ho Chi Minh City, it is a favourite resort destination for those wishing to get away from the city. In recent times, the number of foreign tourists visiting Vũng Tàu’s beaches increased.Vũng Tàu also allows access to nearby less visited beaches like Long Hai, Ho Tram and Ho Coc.

Resorts and theme parks

A big resort project has just been licensed by the Vietnamese government, the Saigon Atlantis. Upon competition, this entertainment project worth US$300 million in capital investment will include resorts, shopping, sailing.The investor of this project is proposing to raise the investment capital to US$4 billion.

Two other noteworthy entertainment projects awaiting licensing are Vũng Tàu Aquarium, which will cost USD 250 million, and Bau Trung, a Disneyland-like entertainment park which will cost US$250 million. This project includes Landmark Tower, a 88-story skyscraper proposed to be built and completed by 2010 in Vũng Tàu by a USA-based company, Good Choice Import – Export Investment Inc, once built will likely be the highest building in Vietnam. The project is under consideration for approval by the local provincial government

 

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